.BIL File Extension

A .BIL file is a ESRI BIL File, created by ESRI.

Open with ESRI ArcGIS for Desktop. Available for Windows.

What is a .BIL file?

The .BIL file extension refers to a type of GIS (Geographic Information System) file known as an ESRI BIL File. This file format is used specifically for storing raster images, which are a type of digital image made up of a grid of pixels. These pixels in a .BIL file typically represent surface characteristics and terrain elevations, making them useful in mapping and geographic analysis.

The "BIL" in ESRI BIL stands for "binary interleaved by line," which describes how the image data is stored in the file. This format allows for efficient storage and processing of the image data, which can include satellite imagery or data about the earth's surface and elevation.

To use the data stored in a .BIL file effectively, it often needs to be georeferenced. Georeferencing means that the image data in the file is linked to real-world locations. This is usually done with the help of another file, often with the .HDR extension, which accompanies the .BIL file. The .HDR file contains important information about the layout and formatting of the raster data, helping programs understand how to display and interpret the image correctly.

Several software programs can open and work with .BIL files. These include: 1. **ESRI ArcGIS for Desktop** - A popular professional GIS application used for creating and managing geographic data and maps. 2. **Blue Marble Geographics Global Mapper** - Another GIS software that supports a wide range of data formats and includes tools for spatial data management. 3. **GDAL (Geospatial Data Abstraction Library)** - An open-source translator library for raster and vector geospatial data formats that is used by many GIS programs to handle various types of geospatial data.

These programs allow users to view, analyze, and manipulate the data contained in .BIL files for various applications such as environmental studies, planning, and engineering.


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